8 Steps to Surrogacy - Step 1 - Embryo
Oftentimes, embryos are created before the search for a surrogate begins. This is part of the IVF process and makes gestational surrogacy possible.
In this step:
The Intended Parent(s) provide their gametes and/or get help from a donor.
Fertilization can be done conventionally or through direct injection (ICSI). They are incubated and graded for up to 7 days when it hatches. Yes, we all hatched at one time.
Sometimes preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) is done to evaluate the embryo's genetic qualities or diseases.
Embryos are then cryopreserved for hopeful use. Water is replaced with a protective fluid and flash-frozen with liquid nitrogen to be stored below -266° F.